BIOGRAPHY ON QUAID-E-AZAM Muhammad Ali Jinnah
قائد اعظم محمد علی جناح Muhammad Ali Jinnah (25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948), who was born on 25 December 1876 was the founder of Pakistan. Apart from that, he was even a lawyer and of course, a great politician. He was elected as the first governor of Pakistan. He was granted the title of ‘Father of the Nation’ by his people and his birthday is designated as the national holiday in Pakistan.
Jinnah was born in Karachi and studied law from London from Lincoln’s Inn. He returned to Karachi in 1896 and found out that his father had some major losses in business and therefore he had to do something on his own. He started practicing in Bombay after that. Jinnah has a very good grasp over his field but he had a keen interest in politics. That is why he attended a session of Congress in Calcutta in 1906 and eventually, he joined the Indian National Congress in his early political years. If Jinnah wouldn’t have had joined Congress, he wouldn’t have realized the extreme need of a separate political party for Muslims which will guard and fight for the rights of Muslims. Then Jinnah also proposed a fourteen-point constitutional plan to safeguard the rights of Muslims. However, he resigned in 1920 from Congress.
CAREER: AS A BARRISTER:
He practiced law in Bombay for only three years but he emerged as a very successful and famous barrister. After six months of practice, he was offered a permanent position was he declined. He was offered a very good sum of salary but his interest was towards politics and thus he politely refused the offer.
AS A POLITICAL LEADER:
After resigning from Congress, Jinnah joined the Muslim League in 1906. Even after resigning from Congress, Jinnah constantly worked to bring the parties in coordination with each other. Lucknow Pact was one of the efforts Jinnah came up with, to unite these two parties. But then Jinnah realized ultimately that these two parties are separated by not only religion but by ideology as well, so he demanded a separate country for Muslims.
AS THE FOUNDER:
Pakistan came into existence after so many sacrifices and hard work of the leaders of those times. People sacrificed their homage, properties and even their lives for their homeland. Jinnah made sure that their sacrifices wouldn’t go worthless and thus he continued the hard work even after attaining the separate land for his people. Because land was only the first step, there were a lot of more problems at hand.
AS THE FIRST GOVERNOR GENERAL:
He was elected as the first Governor General of Pakistan. Pakistan faced a lot of problems at the beginning like water, electricity, gas, proper residency problems. Jinnah looked into every single matter and made sure that proper facilities were provided to everyone. He wrote a letter to the leaders of other countries and asked for their help.
AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS
He was rewarded with the title of ‘The Father of The Nation’. Moreover, the title of ‘Quaid-E-Azam” was given to him by Maulana Mazharuddin Shaheed in 1938.
Bolitho, Hector (1954). Jinnah: Creator of Pakistan. London: John Murray.
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